Angioplasty is a procedure that is used to open blocked or narrowed arteries to the heart, bypass grafts, brain, kidneys or extremities to restore normal blood flow to those areas. A hospital stay of 1-2 days may be required for any of these procedures. The hospital and your provider’s nurse will inform you of any specific instructions.
Cardiac angioplasty is commonly known as PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention). A small catheter with a balloon on it is placed in the narrowed area of the artery and is inflated to compress the plaque against the side of the artery wall.
Bypass Graft Angioplasty is similar to cardiac angioplasty, but instead of improving blood flow in the hearts natural arteries, it is used to open narrowings or blockages of bypass grafts from previous coronary bypass surgery.
Renal Angioplasty is a procedure that is used to open blocked or narrowed arteries to the kidneys. It is used when high blood pressure or abnormal kidney function is related to a blockage in a renal artery.
Carotid Angioplasty is a procedure used to improve the blood flow to the brain when a blockage is found in the carotid artery.
Peripheral Angioplasty is commonly known as PTA (peripheral thromboangioplasty). It is a procedure used to improve blood flow, and to open narrowed blockages in the arteries that supply blood to the arms or legs.
Stenting is a procedure that can be used along with angioplasty to keep a narrowed area of an artery open. In some cases, if angioplasty is not enough to keep the narrowed area opened, the cardiologist may insert a stent. A stent is a small, expandable device that is put in place over the angioplasty catheter.